首页期刊信息编委及顾问期刊发行联系方式使用帮助常见问题ENGLISH
位置:首页 >> 正文
Si-C-N三元系统的新陶瓷相(英文)
作者:RIEDELRalf?HORVATH-BORDONElisabeta?KLEEBEHans-Joachim?KROLLPeter?MIEHEGerhard?vanAKENPeterA?LAUTERBACHStefan??
单位:达姆施塔特工业大学材料和地球科学系分散固体研究室?达姆施塔特工业大学材料和地球科学系分散固体研究室?达姆施塔特工业大学材料和地球科学系应用地球科学研究所?亚琛工业大学无机化学系?达姆施塔特工业大学材料和地球科学系结构研究室?达姆施塔特工业大学材料和地球科学系应用地球科学研究所?达姆施塔特工业大学材料和地球科学系应用地球科学研究所?达姆施塔特?64287?达姆施塔特?64287?达姆施塔特?64287?亚琛?52056?达姆施塔特64287?德国?达姆施塔特?64287?达姆施塔特?64287?
关键词:氮化碳??硅碳氮??透射电镜??电子能耗谱表征??密度泛函理论和局域密度近似计算?
分类号:TQ174.1
出版年,卷(期):页码:2007,35(8):955-967
DOI:
摘要:

固体化学合成的氮化物较其他氧化物研究相对较少,然而过去20年来,该研究领域得到重视。超硬 C3N4相所类似的碳氮化物目前已获得深入研究,相比较而言,Si-C-N化合物的研究依旧比较少。在大气条件下首先合成的三元晶体相为Si(NCN)2和 Si2C2(NCN)。本文回顾了近年来采用高温高压反应工艺合成C-N二元和 Si-C-N三元系材料的研究现状。这类新型材料因具有一些独特的性能,如高硬度、磁性、光电性能,而具有重大研究前景。

how do i know if my wife has cheated infidelity in marriage read
abortion las vegas abortion pill online abortion pictures

The solid state chemistry of nitrides was relatively neglected in the past, compared with the research of the solid state chemistry of oxide compounds, although there has been considerable activity in this area over the past two decades. In contrast to numerous studies on carbon nitride phases initiated by the postulation of a "superhard" C3N4 phase, investigations of ternary Si-C-N compounds remain sparse. The compounds Si(NCN)2 and Si2C2(NCN) were the first ternary crystalline phases in the SiCN system synthesized at ambient pressure. The present review highlights recent developments in the synthesis of binary C-N and ternary Si-C-N materials under high pressure and high temperature reaction conditions. The new materials are predicted to exhibit unique properties, such as a high level of hardness, or interesting magnetic and optoelectronic features.

read read here link
read percentage of women who cheat signs of infidelity
amoxicillin amoxicillin amoxicillin
基金项目:
作者简介:
why women cheat on husbands link link
online read here open
open cheat women go
read why people cheat in relationships signs of infidelity
my husband cheated on me men who have affairs women who cheat on husband
my wife cheated on me now what men and women husband cheat
abortion pill abortion pill abortion pill
参考文献:

[1] RIEDEL R ed. Handbook of Ceramic Hard Materials [M]. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, 2000. [2] ZERR A, MIEHE G, SERGHIOU G, et al. Synthesis of cubic silicone nitride [J]. Nature, 1999, 400(6742): 340-342. [3] ZERR A, MIEHE G, RIEDEL R. Synthesis of cubic zirconium and hafnium nitride having Th3P4 structure [J]. Nature Mater, 2003, 2(3): 185-189. [4] BADZIAN A. Displacement disorder of atoms as the cause of harder-than-diamond materials [J]. Mater Res Innovations, 2005, 9(1): 28-30. [5] BADZIAN A. Displacement disorder of atoms as the cause of harder-than-diamond materials [J]. Mater Res Innovations, 2005, 9(3): 85-88. [6] COHEN M L. Calculation of bulk moduli of diamond and zinc blende solids [J]. Phys Rev B, 1985, 32(12): 7 988-7 991. [7] LIU A Y, COHEN M L. Prediction of new low compressibility solids [J]. Science, 1989, 245(4920): 841-842. [8] LIU A Y, COHEN M L. Structural-properties and electronic-structure of low-compressibility materials-beta-Si3N4 and hypothetical beta-C3N4 [J]. Phys Rev B, 1990, 41(15): 10 727-10 734. [9] TETER D M, HEMLEY R J. Low-compressibility carbon nitrides [J]. Science, 1996, 271(5245): 53-55. [10] GUO Y J, GODDARD W A. Is Carbon nitride harder than diamond- no, but its girth increases when stretched (negative Poisson ratio) [J]. Chem Phys Lett, 1995, 237(1-2): 72-76. [11] LIU A Y, WENTZCOVITCH R M. Stability of carbon nitride solids [J]. Phys Rev B, 1994, 50(14): 10 362-10 365. [12] LOWTHER J E. Relative stability of some possible phases of graphiticcarbon nitride [J]. Phys Rev B, 1999, 59(18): 11 683-11 686. [13] FANG P H. On the beta-C3N4 search [J]. J Mater Sci Lett, 1995, 14(8): 536-538. [14] BEWILOGUA K. Preparation and characterization of cubic boron nitride and carbon nitride films [J]. Vide-Science Technique et Appli- cations, 1996, 52(280): 213. [15] MATSUMOTO S, XIE E Q, IZUMI F. On the validity of the formation of crystalline carbon nitrides, C3N4 [J]. Diamond Relat Mater, 1999, 8(7): 1 175-1 182. [16] MUHL S, MENDEZ J M. A review of the preparation of carbon nitride films [J]. Diamond Relat Mater, 1999, 8(10): 1 809-1 830. [17] MALKOW T. Critical observations in the research of carbon nitride [J]. Mater Sci Eng A, 2000, 292(1): 112-124. [18] MALKOW T. Critical observations in the research of carbon nitride (Vol 292, p 112, 2000) [J]. Mater Sci Eng A, 2000, 292:112-124; 2001, 302(2): 309-309. [19] KROKE E, SCHWARZ M. Novel group 14 nitrides [J]. Coord Chem Rev, 2004, 248(5-6): 493-532. [20] HORVATH-BORDON E, RIEDEL R, ZERR A, et al. High-pressure chemistry of nitride-based materials [J]. Chem Soc Rev, 2006, 35(10): 987-1 014. [21] KARIMI A, KURT R. Carbon nitride thin films and nanofibres synthe- sised by hot filament CVD [J]. Surf Eng, 2001, 17(2): 99-104. [22] ZHONG D Y, LIU S, ZHANG G Y, et al. Large-scale well aligned carbon nitride nanotube films: low temperature growth and electron field emission [J]. J Appl Phys, 2001, 89(11): 5 939-5 943. [23] YU W, REN G B, WANG S F, et al. Effect of gas pressure on the synthesis of carbon nitride films during plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition [J]. Thin Solid Films, 2002, 402(1-2): 55-59. [24] LEJEUNE M, DURAND-DROUHIN O, ZELLAMA K, et al. Structure and optical properties of carbon nitride films deposited by magnetron sputtering [J]. Solid State Commun, 2001, 120(9-10): 337-342. [25] SZORENYI T, STOQUERT JP, PERRIERE J, et al. Correlation be- tween hydrogen content and structure of pulsed laser deposited carbon nitride films [J]. Diamond Relat Mater, 2001, 10(12): 2 107-2 112. [26] ALVES I, DEMAZEAU G, TANGUY B, et al. On a new model of the graphitic form of C3N4 [J]. Solid State Commun, 1999, 109(11): 697-701. [27] WIXOM M R. Chemical preparation and shock-wave compression of carbon nitride precursors [J]. J Am Ceram Soc, 1990, 73(7): 1 973-1 978. [28] ANDREYEV A, AKAISHI M, GOLBERG D. Synthesis of nanocrys- talline nitrogen-rich carbon nitride powders at high pressure [J]. Dia- mond Relat Mater, 2002, 11(12): 1 885-1 889. [29] NESTING D C, BADDING J V. High-pressure synthesis of sp2-bonded carbon nitrides [J]. Chem Mater, 1996, 8(7): 1 535-1 539. [30] KOMATSU T, NAKAMURA T. Polycondensation/pyrolysis of tri-s-triazine derivatives leading to graphite-like carbon nitrides [J]. J Mater Chem, 2001, 11(2): 474-478. [31] KOMATSU T. Prototype carbon nitrides similar to the symmetric triangular form of melon [J]. J Mater Chem, 2001, 11(3): 802-805. [32] KOMATSU T. Attempted chemical synthesis of graphite-like carbon nitride [J]. J Mater Chem, 2001, 11(3): 799-801. [33] MARTINGIL J, MARTINGIL F J, SARIKAYA M, et al. Evidence of a low compressibility carbon nitride with defect-zinc blende structure [J]. J Appl Phys, 1997, 81(6): 2 555-2 559. [34] ZIMMERMAN J L, WILLIAMS R, KHABASHESKU V N, et al. Preparation of sphere-shaped nanoscale carbon nitride polymer [J].Russ Chem Bull, 2001, 50(11): 2 020-2 027. [35] ZIMMERMAN J L. Synthesis of nanoscale carbon nitride [J]. Abstr Papers Am Chem Soc, 2000, 220: U440-U440. [36] KROKE E, SCHWARZ M, HORVATH-BORDON E, et al. Tri-s- triazine derivatives, part I from trichlorotri-striazine to graphitic C3N4 structures [J]. New J Chem, 2002, 26(5): 508-512. [37] JURGENS B, IRRAN E, SENKER J, et al. Melem (2, 5, 8- tria- mino-tri-s-triazine), an important intermediate during condensation of melamine rings to graphitic carbon nitride: synthesis, structure deter- mination by X-ray powder diffractometry, solid-state NMR, and theo- retical studies [J]. J Am Chem Soc, 2003, 125(34): 10 288-10 300. [38] HORVATH-BORDON E, KROKE E, SVOBODA I, et al. Alkali- cyamelurates, M-3[C6N7O3]. xH2O, M = Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs: UV-luminescent and thermally very stable ionic tri-striazine deriva- tives [J]. Dalton Trans, 2004(22): 3 900-3 908. [39] HORVATH-BORDON E, KROKE E, SVOBODA I, et al. Tri-striazine derivatives, part III potassium melonate, K-3[C6N7(NCN)3]. 5H2O, and its potential use for the synthesis of graphite-like C3N4 materials [J]. New J Chem, 2005,29(5): 693-699. [40] RIEDEL R, HORVATH-BORDON E, NAHAR-BORCHERT S, et al. Molecular chemical concepts for the synthesis of novel ceramics [J]. Adv Ceram Compos, 2003, 247: 121-128. [41] MONTIGAUD H, COURJAULT S, TANGUY B, et al. The high pressure synthesis of the graphitic form of C3N4 [J]. High Pressure Res, 2000, 18(1-6): 213-219. [42] ZHANG Z H, LEINENWEBER K, BAUER M, et al. High-pressure bulk synthesis of crystalline C6N9H3, HCl: a novel C3N4 graphitic de- rivative [J]. J Am Chem Soc, 2001, 123(32): 7 788-7 796. [43] COURJAULT S, TANGUY B, DEMAZEAU G. Access routes to carbon nitride CxNy. examples at the turning point between molecular chemistry and solid chemistry [J]. Comptes Rendus De L Academie Des Sciences Serie Ii Fascicule C-Chimie, 1999, 2(9-10): 487-490. [44] MA H A, JIA X P, CHEN L X, et al. High-pressure pyrolysis study of C3N6H6: a route to preparing bulk C3N4 [J]. J Phys-Condens Matter, 2002, 14(44): 11 269-11 273. [45] DYMONT V P, NEKRASHEVICH E M, STARCHENKO I M. Syn- thesis of a bulk crystalline phase of carbon nitride [J]. JETP Lett, 1998, 68(6): 498-501. [46] DYMONT V P, NEKRASHEVICH E M, STARCHENKO I M. Syn- thesis of crystalline carbon nitride [J]. Doklady Akademii Nauk Bela- rusi, 1999, 43(4): 48-50. [47] DYMONT V P, NEKRASHEVICH E M, STARCHENKO I M. Initial description of a bulk crystalline carbon-nitride phase [J]. Solid State Commun, 1999, 111(8): 443-446. [48] DYMONT V P, SMUROV I. Synthesis and characterization of the bulk crystalline carbon-nitride phase synthesised by high-pressure technique [J]. Mater Sci Eng B Solid State Mater Adv Technol, 2001, 82(1-3): 39-41. [49] ANDREYEV A, AKAISHI M, GOLBERG D. Sodium flux-assisted low-temperature high-pressure synthesis of carbon nitride with high nitrogen content [J]. Chem Phys Lett, 2003, 372(5-6): 635-639. [50] HE D W, ZHANG F X, ZHANG X Y, et al. Synthesis of C3N4 crystals under high pressure and high temperature [J]. Sci China Ser A, 1998, 41(4): 405-410. [51] HE D W, ZHANG F X, ZHANG X Y, et al. Synthesis of carbon nitride crystals at high pressures and temperatures [J]. J Mater Res, 1998, 13(12): 3 458-3 462. [52] STEVENS A J, KOGA T, AGEE C B, et al. Stability of carbon nitride materials at high pressure and temperature [J]. J Am Chem Soc, 1996, 118(44): 10 900-10 901. [53] BADDING J V, NESTING D C. Thermodynamic analysis of the formation of carbon nitrides under pressure [J]. Chem Mater, 1996, 8(2): 535-540. [54] NGUYEN J H, JEANLOZ R. Initial description of a new car- bon-nitride phase synthesized at high pressures and temperatures [J]. Mater Sci Eng A, 1996, 209(1-2): 23-25. [55] SOLOZHENKO V L, SOLOZHENKO E G, ZININ P V, et al. Equation of state and phase stability of turbostratic carbon nitride [J]. J Phys Chem Solids, 2003, 64(8): 1 265-1 270. [56] HORVATH-BORDON E. Synthesis and characteriaston of novel carbon nitrides [D]. Darmstadt: Technische Universit?t Darmstadt, 2004. [57] HORVATH-BORDON E, RIEDEL R, McMILLAN P F, et al. High-pressure synthesis of crystalline carbon nitride imide, C2N2(NH) [J]. Angewandte Chemie, Int Ed, 2007, 46(9): 1 476-1 480. [58] PETERS D, JACOBS H. Ammono-thermal synthesis of crystalline silicon-nitride imide, Si2N2NH [J]. J Less-Common Met, 1989, 146(1-2): 241-249. [59] SCHAIBLE S, RIEDEL R, WERNER E, et al. From cyclotetrasilazane [(CH3)2SiNH]4 via crystalline silicon-nitride imide Si2N2NH to al- pha-Si3N4 [J]. Appl Organometall Chem, 1993, 7(1): 53-56. [60] WENTORF R H. Behavior of some carbonaceous materials at very high pressures and high temperatures [J]. J Phys Chem, 1965, 69(9): 3 063- . [61] HALUSCHKA C, KLEEBE H J, FRANKE R, et al. Silicon carboni- tride ceramics derived from polysilazanes, part I investigation of com- positional and structural properties [J]. J Eur Ceram Soc, 2000, 20(9): 1 355-1 364. [62] DRESSLER W, RIEDEL R. Progress in silicon-based non-oxide structural ceramics [J]. Int J Refractory Met Hard Mater, 1997, 15(1-3): 13-47. [63] UHLIG H, FRIESS M, DURR J, et al. A diffraction study of amor- phous Si0.40C0.24N0.36 [J]. Zeitschrift Fur Naturforschung Section A, J Phys Sci, 1996, 51(12): 1 179-1 184. [64] UHLIG H, FRIESS M, LAMPARTER P, et al. Local order of polymer derived amorphous SixCyNz [J]. J Appl Phys, 1998, 83(11): 5 714-5 718. [65] BADZIAN A. Stability of silicon carbonitride phases [J]. J Am Ceram Soc, 2002, 85(1): 16-20. [66] CHEN G L, LI Y, LIN J, et al. Post-annealing effect in reactive r.f.-magnetron-sputtered carbon nitride thin films [J]. Surf Interface Anal, 1999, 28(1): 245-249. [67] CHEN K H, WU J J, WEN C Y, et al. Wide band gap silicon carbon nitride films deposited by electron cyclotron resonance plasma chemi- cal vapor deposition [J]. Thin Solid Films, 1999, 356: 205-209. [68] CHEN L C, CHEN C K, WEI S L, et al. Crystalline silicon carbon nitride: A wide band gap semiconductor [J]. Appl Phys Lett, 1998, 72(19): 2 463-2 465. [69] CHEN L C, YANG C Y, BHUSARI D M, et al. Formation of crystal- line silicon carbon nitride films by microwave plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition [J]. Diamond Relat Mater, 1996, 5(3-5): 514-518. [70] LUTZ H, BRUNS M, LINK F, et al. Surface- and microanalytical characterization of silicon-carbonitride thin films prepared by means of radio-frequency magnetron co-sputtering [J]. Thin Solid Films, 1998, 332(1-2): 230-234. [71] BRUNS M, GECKLE U, TROUILLET V, et al. Tailored stoichiometries of silicon carbonitride thin films prepared by combined radio frequency magnetron sputtering and ion beam synthesis [J]. J Vacuum Sci Tech- nol A, 2005, 23(4): 1,114-1 119. [72] BLASZCZYK-LEZAK I, WROBEL A M, AOKI T, et al. Remote nitrogen microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition from a tetramethyldisilazane precursor, 1 growth mechanism, structure, and surface morphology of silicon carbonitride films [J]. Thin Solid Films, 2006, 497(1-2): 24-34. [73] BLASZCZYK-LEZAK I, WROBEL A M, BIELINSKI D M. Remote nitrogen microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition from a tetramethyldisilazane precursor, 2 properties of deposited silicon car- bonitride films [J]. Thin Solid Films,2006, 497(1-2): 35-41. [74] RIEDEL R, GREINER A, MIEHE G, et al. The first crystalline solids in the ternary Si-C-N system [J]. Angewandte Chem-Int Ed English, 1997, 36(6): 603-606. [75] RIEDEL R, KROKE E, GREINER A, et al. Inorganic solid-state chemistry with main group element carbodiimides [J]. Chem Mater, 1998, 10(10): 2 964-2 979. [76] ZAWOROTKO M J. Crystal engineering of diamondoid networks [J]. Chem Soc Rev, 1994, 23(4): 283-288. [77] CARDUNER K R, BLACKWELL C S, HAMMOND W B, et al. 29Si-NMR characterization of alpha-silicon and beta-silicon nitride [J]. J Am Chem Soc, 1990, 112(12): 4 676-4 679. [78] SJOBERG J, HELGESSON G, IDRESTEDT I. Refinement of the structure of Si2N2O [J]. Acta Crystallograph Sec C, Cryst Struct Commun, 1991, 47: 2 438-2 441. [79] GREINER A. Keramiken aus Silylcarbodiimiden [D]. Darmstadt: Technische Universit?t Darmstadt, 1998. [80] SOLOZHENKO V L, SCHWARZ M, RIEDEL R. Equation of state of silicon nitride carbodiimide Si2CN4 [J]. Solid State Commun, 2004, 132(8): 573-576. [81] GARVIE L A J, CRAVEN A J, BRYDSON R. Use of electron-energy- loss near-edge fine-structure in the study of minerals [J]. Am Mineral, 1994, 79(5-6): 411-425. [82] SAUER H, BRYDSON R, ROWLEY P N, et al. Determination of coordinations and coordination-specific site occupancies by electron energy-loss spectroscopy—an investigation of boron oxygen com- pounds [J]. Ultramicroscopy, 1993,49(1-4): 198-209. [83] MCMAHAN A K, LESAR R. Pressure dissociation of solid nitrogen under 1 Mbar [J]. Phys Rev Lett, 1985, 54(17): 1 929-1 932. [84] MAILHIOT C, YANG L H, MCMAHAN A K. Polymeric nitrogen [J]. Phys Rev B, 1992, 46(22): 14 419-14 435. [85] EREMETS M I, GAVRILIUK A G, TROJAN I A, et al. Single-bonded cubic form of nitrogen [J]. Nature Mater, 2004, 3(8): 558-563. [86] LEINENWEBER K, O'KEEFFE M, SOMAYAZULU M, et al. Syn- thesis and structure refinement of the spinel, gamma-Ge3N4 [J]. Chem Eur J, 1999, 5(10): 3 076-3 078. [87] KROLL P. Computersimulationen und R?ntgennahkantenabsorption- sspektroskopie von Siliciumnitrid und Siliciumcarbidnitrid Keramiken [D]. Darmstadt: Technische Universit?t Darmstadt, 1996. [88] KROLL P, RIEDEL R, HOFFMANN R. Silylated carbodiimides in molecular and extended structures1 [J]. Phys Rev B, 1999, 60(5): 3 126- 3 139. [89] KROLL P, HOFFMANN R. Theoretical tracing of a novel route from molecular precursors through polymers to dense, hard C3N4 solids [J]. J Am Chem Soc, 1999, 121(19): 4 696-4 703. [90] LOWTHER J E. Structural stability of some possible phases of SiC2N4 [J]. Phys Rev B, 1999, 60(17): 11 943-11 946. [91] AMADON B, FINOCCHI F. Density functional study of the ternary Si2CN4 and C-Si : Si3N4 compounds [J]. Eur Phys J B, 1999, 11(2): 207-215. [92] KROLL P. Pathways to metastable nitride structures [J]. J Solid State Chem, 2003, 176(2): 530-537. [93] CHEN C W, LEE M H, CHEN L C, et al. Structural and electronic properties of wide band gap silicon carbon nitride materials—a first-principles study [J]. Diamond Relat Mater, 2004, 13(4-8): 1 158- 1 165. [94] LOWTHER J E, AMKREUTZ M, FRAUENHEIM T, et al. Potential ultrahard nitride materials containing silicon, carbon and nitrogen [J]. Phys Rev B, 2003, 68(3): 032902-1-032902-13. [95] KROLL P, von APPEN J. Post-spinel phases of silicon nitride [J]. Phys Status Solidi B Basic Res, 2001, 226(1): R6-R7. [96] KROLL P, SCHNICK W. A density functional study of phosphorus nitride P3N5: Refined geometries, properties, and relative stability of alpha-P3N5 and gamma-P3N5 and a further possible high-pressure phase delta-P3N5 with kyanite-type structure [J]. Chem Eur J, 2002, 8(15): 3 530-3 537. [97] KROLL P, SCHROTER T, PETERS M. Prediction of novel phases of tantalum (V) nitride and tungsten (VI) nitride that can be synthesized under high pressure and high temperature [J]. Angewandte Chemie Int Ed, 2005, 44(27): 4,249-4 254. [98] KROLL P. Hafnium nitride with thorium phosphide structure: physical properties and an assessment of the Hf-N, Zr-N, and Ti-N phase dia- grams at high pressures and temperatures [J]. Phys Rev Lett, 2003, 90(12): 125 501-1-125,501-4.

married cheaters how many women cheat click
how to catch a cheater online go
my wife cheated on me now what men and women husband cheat
服务与反馈:
文章下载】【加入收藏
中国硅酸盐学会《硅酸盐学报》编辑室
京ICP备10016537号-2
京公网安备 11010802024188号
地址:北京市海淀区三里河路11号????邮政编码:100831
电话:010-57811253??57811254????
E-mail:jccs@ceramsoc.com