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可加工氮化硅/氮化硼复相陶瓷的制备
作者:张强?沈卫平?顾淑媛??
单位:北京科技大学?北京科技大学?北京科技大学?北京100083?北京100083?北京100083?
关键词:氮化硅/氮化硼??复相陶瓷??燃烧合成??可加工性?
分类号:TQ174.1
出版年,卷(期):页码:2007,35(3):337-341
DOI:
摘要:

以硅(Si)粉、六方氮化硼(h-BN)为原料,在氮气(N2)中用燃烧合成(combustion synthesis,CS)气固反应法,原位生成可加工氮化硅/氮化硼(Si3N4/h-BN)复相陶瓷。考察了h-BN不同体积分数(下同)对Si3N4/h-BN复相陶瓷可加工性的影响。结果表明:在实验条件下,Si粉氮化完全,不存在残余的游离Si。Si3N4/h-BN复相陶瓷中以柱状β-Si3N4为主相,β-Si3N4晶粒之间为针状h-BN相。随着h-BN相含量的增加,Si3N4/h-BN复相陶瓷的可加工性提高,抗弯强度先减小后增加。h-BN含量为25%时,Si3N4/h-BN复相陶瓷的抗弯强度最低。

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Machinable silicon nitride/hexahedral boron nitride(Si3N4/h-BN)composite ceramics with silicon(Si)powders and hexahedral boron nitride(h-BN)as raw materials were synthesized in-situ in a nitrogen pressure by combustion synthesis gas-solid reaction.The effect of volume fraction(the same below)of h-BN on machinable properties of Si3N4/BN composite ceramics was inves-tigated.The results show that Si powders were fully nitrified under the experimental conditions and no residual free silicon was found.Columnar crystals ofβ-Si3N4 are the main phase and acicular crystals of h-BN disperse intergranular position ofβ-Si3N4.With increase of the volume content of h-BN,the machinability of the composite ceramics increases,but the bending strength first decreases and then increases.The lowest point of bending strength is at 25%of h-BN.

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